The first web designer was even WWW inventor, Tim Berners-Lee, who published the first site in 1991. At the beginning of time, the sites were not nearly as complex as they are today, when it comes to the graphics. The only computer language used was HTML which allowed only a limited number of formatting and inserting links in order to "connect" with each page. It can be said that web design was actually more "programming" web than web design.
Due to the fact that the nowadays web sites are important parts of the commercial and advertising strategies, the graphics of the sites have become some powerful tools and the technologies used have diversified and have become increasingly complex. Companies that produce sites work with some specialized staff for each stage of the development of a site: from those who deal with the graphic design of the programming stage to those who handle the editing content for SEO (Search Engine Optimization).
Lately, the studies have shown that a more elegant method of making a website is using a CMS such as Wordpress, Joomla, Drupal. With a CMS, people can more easily manage the site; they can edit it, add or delete pages, text or images. The web designers should take into consideration the fact that the new owners of the website should have the possibility to easily make necessary transactions without the need of a specialist.
In some of the most developed cities in the world, such as Dubai for example, all companies that offer products or services have a good looking site. These companies always appeal to Dubai web designers to create an attractive website, because they know that the website is a good way of attracting the customers.
Even though both Graphic design and Web design lure consumers towards the products they are used for, the difference between them boils down to what they aim for – Graphic design focuses more on visuals, whereas Web design works more on usability. Having said that, their domain of work is not always the same. Graphic Design is needed in both print and digital media. On the other hand, Web design is used in digital media, websites to be specific. Even though Web design finds some of its roots in Graphic design like typography, colour schemes and layouts, but from a more detailed perspective, they are two independent disciplines in the field of design.
While a web designer works with quite a few aspects of graphic design in websites like colour schemes, typography and layout, there’s more to Web design than fancy graphics. Where the graphic designer looks at the audience as a ‘viewer’, the web designer looks at the audience as a ‘user’. So, it’s obvious that web design is equally concerned about the usability of a website as it is about the visual impression. A web designer not only incorporates easy-to-read fonts and colour combinations soothing to the eye but also ensures clarity and learnability of the website components so that they don’t need to be instructed on how the components work. So, even though graphic designers work on all sorts of media, when it comes to websites, a web designer is a graphic designer and much more!
Web design is a design process that works on aesthetics, user experience and search engine optimization of websites. Whereas, web development is a discipline of creating and maintaining websites using programming and scripting languages. Where web design demands creativity, web development demands logic. In the process of building websites, web development ‘develops’ the website based on how web design ‘designs’ the website.
In other words, if websites were buildings, web design would lay out the blueprint and handle the paint job, interior decorations, and all other embellishments. On the other hand, web development is in charge of engineering and construction
In simple words, No! Mastering a design tool is a must for web designing, but it shouldn’t necessarily be Photoshop. Some might argue it should be completely avoided when it comes to web designing because of some clear demerits -
Having said these, there are more popular and efficient alternatives to Photoshop, like Figma, Sketch, Adobe XD and InDesign, etc.
Even though web designers usually familiarize themselves with coding related to web development, their work mainly focuses on the design aspect of building websites. A web designer creates aesthetic designs that appeal to the audience with the help of attractive colour combinations, typography and layout. They also take care of the user experience by focussing on accessibility, clarity and learnability of the website. This makes sure that the user goes through a smooth, hassle-free experience despite minimum or no guidance at all and that the website leaves a lasting impression on the user. Usually, the coding part of building websites is passed on to a web developer who creates the website based on the prototypes made by a web designer.